Grade 3 English (IEO) : Adjectives comparison

 Comparative & Superlative with -er/-est

We use -er / -est with the following adjectives:

One-syllable adjectives

Adjective Compariative Superlative
cold colder coldest
cool cooler coolest
great greater greatest
hard harder hardest
high higher highest
low lower lowest
neat neater neatest
new newer newest
short shorter shortest
small smaller smallest
thick thicker thickest
weak weaker weakest

Two-syllable adjectives with the following endings:

Endings: Adjective Comparative Superlative
-y dirty dirtier dirtiest
easy easier easiest
happy happier happiest
pretty prettier prettiest
-er clever cleverer cleverest
-le simple simpler simplest
-ow narrow narrower narrowest

Spelling of the adjectives with -er/-est

Rule Adjective Compariative Superlative
one-syllable adjective ending in -e large larger largest
double the consonant when it is after a single vowel-letter big bigger biggest
fat fatter fattest
sad sadder saddest
thin thinner thinnest
wet wetter wettest
change -y to -i
(consonant before -y)
tidy tidier tidiest
busy busier busiest
dirty dirtier dirtiest
dry drier driest
early earlier earliest
easy easier easiest
empty emptier emptiest
funny funnier funniest
heavy heavier heaviest
ready readier readiest
Exceptions! shy shyer shyest
gay gayer gayest
grey greyer greyest
fey feyer feyest

Comparison with ‘more’ – ‘most’

Adjective Comparative Superlative
difficult more difficult the most difficult

Irregular adjectives

Adjective Compariative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
much more most
many more most
little less least
little smaller smallest

Special adjectives

adjective compariative superlative
common commoner
more common
most common
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