Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Birds

Bird, a warm-blooded vertebrate that lays eggs and has feathers and wings.

Type of beaks

What Does a Bird’s Beak Tell You About Its Diet?

Eagle : Fish is the primary food of bald eagles, but they will eat a variety of other animals and birds. Their prey items include waterfowl and small mammals like squirrels, prairie dogs, raccoons and rabbits.

Sparrow : Sparrows enjoy grain crops grown in whatever area in the world they live. They like wheat, corn, oats, barley and many other grains also eaten by humans.

Hummingbird : Hummingbirds primarily eat flower nectar, tree sap, insects and pollen.

Kingfisher : They are most famous for hunting and eating fish. Also eat, Shrimp, Insects, Tadpoles etc

Owl : Their diet includes invertebrates (such as insects, spiders, earthworms, snails and crabs), fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and small mammals.

Heron : Their diet includes a wide variety of aquatic animals, including fish, reptiles, amphibians, crustaceans, molluscs, and aquatic insects.

Chicken : greens, bugswormsseeds

Pelican : The diet of pelicans usually consists of fish, but occasionally amphibians, turtles, crustaceans, insects, birds, and mammals are also eaten

Duck : Ducks eat small fish and their eggs, snails, worms, mollusks, small crustaceans, grassweeds, algae, aquatic plants, aquatic roots, frogs, salamanders, insects, and seeds

Woodpecker : Woodpeckers dine mostly on insects, but will also eat acorns, nuts, fruit, sap, berries and pine seeds

Flamingo : Flamingos eat algae, crustaceans, brine shrimp, diatoms, and aquatic plants.

Bird feet

Wading Foot. The long legs of killdeer make it possible for them to wade into ponds and streams to catch and eat small water animals.

wading foot

Swimming Foot. Ducks and loons have webbed feet which they use to paddle through water.

swimming foot

Climbing Foot. Woodpeckers have sharp, curved claws that help them to climb and to clutch the bark of trees. Two toes point forward, and two point backward.

climbing foot

Grasping Foot. Hawks and owls have sharp, curved claws, or talons, with which to catch their prey. They use their strong claws to crush their victims, and to carry them away.

grasping foot

Perching Foot. All songbirds, or perching birds, have three toes pointing forward and one pointing backward. Such birds clamp their toes around a branch to keep from falling off.

perching foot

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